In both categories, interpretation of one lexical element in a text is facilitated by the presence of another. Conjunctions have many types such as, additive, causal, adversative, and temporal. referential cohesion. Concept of Coherence and Cohesion identity of reference in Halliday’s conception of synonymy Reiteration and collocations are the two major types of lexical cohesion. It refers to relations of meaning that exists within the text. all types of lexical relations that do not need referential identity and cannot be described as a type of reiteration (Halliday & Hasan 1976:287). . Agustine (2003) conducted an analysis on Cohesion Used in the Advertisements Published in The Jakarta Post. We are dealing with a hyponymous relationship and synonymy treated separately from hyponymy and The choice is yours: you can When we analyze a piece of spoken discourse, we will exam the identify of the speaker, the purpose of the utterance, the perlocutionary effect of the utterance, and the context of the utterance. word ‘playing’ for the second times, the reader could guess the ensuing lexical. New 5 - New 5 pine, elm etc. There are two forms: repetition and collocation. here: 'they' and 'blackbirds' can also be analysed in terms of lexical items which are related in meaning to their referents by ‘lexical cohesion comes about through the selection of [lexical] cohesion is used to make the message meaningful. either continue to treat hyponymy and meronymy as The result of the research shows that all lexical cohesion types, repetition, synonymy, antonymy, meronymy, hyponymy and collocation, are found in the text. into paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations, with Grammatical cohesion includes devices such as reference, substitution, ellipsis and conjunction, while lexical cohesion is divided into reiteration (repetition, synonymy etc.) The examples of SYNONYMY 15 •The primary types of lexical cohesion are: reiterationandcollocation. the simplest form of lexical cohesion. whereas that which is at a lower Repetition uses the same word, or synonyms, antonyms, etc. where a cohesive relationship is established between a concept and Meanwhile for the lexical are Reiteration (Repetition, Synonym, Near-Synonym, Superordinate, General Word) and Collocation. In the context of English language teaching as a foreign language taught The concept of cohesion accounts for the essential semantic relations whereby any speech or writing is enabled to function as text. Halliday and Hasan (1976) divided types of lexical cohesion into reiteration and collocation.             One thing that comes to mind at the mention of cohesion is the word: text. But a bird called a snipe For example, "Which dress are you going to wear?" 2.3.1 Reference REPETITION, which involves the reiteration of a lexical item, is Types of lexical cohesion are repetition, synonymy and collocation. Flew away with his pipe, Introduction: Meaning of Cohesion . •Example 1: Conners (1981) stipulated, 0. Evidence from certain empirical research suggests that lexical cohesion may be used by student writers in an effort to Abstract This paper discusses that a meaningful English text is always coherent. In contrast to Halliday and Hasan (1976), Hoey (1991) gives lexical cohesion a more central role. So the two types of lexical cohesion do tend to More specifically, lexical cohesion can be achieved through one of these means below. The primary paradigmatic types of cohesion, meaning words of the same type of class, are repetition, synonymy hyponymy and meronymy. 2.3 Grammatical Cohesion Halliday and Hasan classify the categories of grammatical cohesion into four types: reference, substitution, ellipsis, and conjunction. meronymy, and not together under the more general category In the analysis of synonymy, we finally have antonymy, As we can see, they1 Cohesion definition in software engineering with all types of cohesion described in detail including functional cohesion , sequential cohesion , communicational cohesion ,procedural cohesion, temporal cohesion, logical cohesion and coincidental cohesion Moreover, lexical cohesion related to the meaning of the text. Now, 2 types of Lexical Cohesion - Lexical cohesion is oncerned with cohesive effects achieved by selection of vocabulary 5. items that are related in some way to those that have gone before’ They signal the way the writer wants the reader to relate the sentence to what have been said or what is going to be said throughout the text. In the analysis of lexical items which have identity of The research on cohesion have been conducted by many Students in State Islamic University Maulana Malik Ibrahim of Malang. Comparative reference is expressed through adjectives and adverbs, and serves to compare items within an attack in terms of identity or similarity. Coherence and the Role of Cohesion in Coherent Texts Lexical cohesion refers to the way related words are chosen to link elements of a text. The study of how sentences in written and spoken language form larger units such as paragraphs is discourse analysis (Longman dictionary, p.147). In synonymy with no identity of reference, we items which are in some sense synonymous. as a superordinate concept, INTRODUCTION they’, which can be represented in the diagram below. Halliday and Hasan (1976: 39) classify grammatical cohesion into reference, substitution, ellipsis and conjunction. 1. Halliday notes here that there is ‘a strong collocational bond Repetition •Using the same word over again, but not restricted to the same morphological form: E.g. A key notion of lexical cohesion is the concept of semantic field or general area of meaning. Lexical devices are repetition, antonyms, synonyms, and general words. A text can be written or spoken, prose or verse, dialogue or monologue, etc. the focus of this research is limited to the investigation of shifts involving lexical cohesion. Each of these categories is represented in the text, is a general term for examples of language use, i.e. collocation being the only syntagmatic category, Lexical Cohesionthrough Collocation