The Toronto Star announced Clark's victory with a headline that read "Joe Who? What milestone birthday gift do you get for the former prime minister who has everything? February 18, 1980. Clark again became active in student politics, serving as president of the Progressive Conservative Youth wing for two terms. , Overall, Clark's efforts to rebuild the PC party had mixed results. John N. Turner was sworn in today as the 17th Prime Minister of Canada in a private ceremony that ended a 16-year-long political era dominated by Pierre Elliott Trudeau.  The Clark government introduced Bill C-15, the Freedom of Information Act, which established a broad right of access to government records, an elaborate scheme of exemptions, and a two-stage review process. Former prime minister Joe Clark stands beside his official portrait following its unveiling on Parliament Hill in Ottawa on Tuesday May 27, 2008. . The party's right-wing rallied behind Wagner. Clark was appointed as Special Representative to the Secretary-General of the United Nations for Cyprus from 1993 to 1996. "The Wilson Center and its Canada Institute are committed to … But when it comes to achievements after leaving the Prime Minister’s Office, Clark is a giant without equal. ", List of books about Prime Ministers of Canada, Joe Clark – Parliament of Canada biography, Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party, Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons, Leaders of the Official Opposition in Canada, Ministers of Justice and Attorneys General, Ministers of National Defence for Naval Services, The referendum on the Charlottetown Accord, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Joe_Clark&oldid=1001256038, Canadian Secretaries of State for External Affairs, Members of the Alberta Order of Excellence, Members of the House of Commons of Canada from Alberta, Members of the House of Commons of Canada from Nova Scotia, Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, BLP articles lacking sources from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, convincing Mulroney to recommend the appointment of, taking a strong stand against American intervention in, managing nonetheless to maintain extremely strong ties with the US, helping steer the, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 22:26. Jock Osler, a former journalist, radio personality and press secretary under Prime Minister Joe Clark, has died at 83.  That practice was not common at the time. Clark obtained a B.A. When the Prince met Clark in the receiving line at the function, he asked to Clark: "why wasn't two thirds enough? On December 8, 2003, the day that the PC Party and the Canadian Alliance were dissolved and the new Conservative Party of Canada registered, Clark was one of three MPs—the other two were André Bachand and John Herron—to announce that they would not join the new caucus. At the same time, the party was still $10 million in debt from the 2000 election. Clark travelled to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt in an effort to seek votes for Canada. Bold indicates parties with members elected to the House of Commons, Progressive Conservative leadership convention 1976, Secretary of State for External Affairs (Minister of Foreign Affairs), Minister responsible for Constitutional Affairs, Progressive Conservative leadership, 1998–2003, Progressive Conservative–Canadian Alliance merger, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (. He gave a tepid endorsement to the Liberal Party in the 2004 election, calling Paul Martin "the devil we know". Clark served as a chief assistant to provincial opposition leader and future Premier Peter Lougheed, and served in the office of federal opposition leader Robert Stanfield, learning the inner workings of government. Joe Clark's rapid rise from a relatively unknown Alberta MP to the Leader of the Opposition took much of Canada by surprise. Media coverage emphasized the pro-business and neo-liberal bent of most of the candidates as a "Changing of the Guard" within the PC party from their more classical conservative and moderate elements. A November Gallup poll published eight days before the December 11 budget reported that their popularity was down from 36% during the summer to 28%, with the party 19 points behind the Liberals, giving the latter the popular support to initiate the non-confidence motion. During the same tour, while inspecting a military honour guard, Clark turned too soon and nearly bumped into a soldier's bayonet; one of the first major media reports on the incident claimed, with some exaggeration, that he had nearly been beheaded. He was also one of Canada’s shortest-serving leaders, serving less than a year in office, from June 4, 1979 to March 3, 1980, sandwiched in between two of Pierre Trudeau’s tenures. Clark continually promoted the idea that the PCs would eventually retake Ontario and form a federal government again. Trudeau Sworn In Again.  Clark's leadership of the Progressive Conservatives was also the subject of criticism from many United Alternative supporters, who argued that his staunch opposition to a merger with the Reform/Alliance parties helped divide the "conservative" vote during the tenure of Jean Chrétien. The youngest person to become Prime Minister was Joe Clark, who took office one day before his 40th birthday. The son of Grace (nee Welch) and Charles Clark, a newspaper editor, Joe Clark was educated at the University of Alberta in Edmontonwhere he received a BA in history and later an MA in political science. When Joe Clark was assaulted in Montreal in 2007, it was only after the assailant asked him, “Are you Joe Clark, the former prime minister? https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/joe-clark-8585.php In his first year at the University of Alberta, Clark joined the staff of the campus newspaper Gateway and eventually became editor-in-chief. Harper wanted a closer union with the PCs, but Clark turned the offer down in April 2002, and all but two of the DRC members rejoined the Alliance. Davis' criticism of the gas tax was used in the Liberals' Ontario television ads. With Quebec's constitutional status within Canada a rising issue, he shifted to become the Minister responsible for Constitutional Affairs. (In December 2007, German-Canadian businessman and lobbyist Karlheinz Schreiber told the House of Commons Ethics Committee that he and other Germans, including Bavarian politician Franz Josef Strauss, and Austrian-Canadian entrepreneur Walter Wolf, had contributed significant funds to finance Quebec delegates to vote against Clark at Winnipeg, denying him the mandate he sought. The oldest person ever to serve as Prime Minister was John A. Macdonald, who was still in office when he died at the age of 76 years, 146 days. Not to mention that there are long-standing ties between him and former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. Not to mention that there are long-standing ties between him and former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. " Clark's wife, Maureen McTeer, elaborated on Clark's decision in her 2003 autobiography, In My Own Name.  However, Mulroney and John Crosbie had been laying the groundwork for a campaign for some time, with Crosbie expecting Clark to lose or resign soon, and Mulroney supportive of the anti-Clark movement. Jock Osler, a former journalist, radio personality and press secretary under Prime Minister Joe Clark, has died at 83. Home. On June 4, 1979, the day before his 40th birthday, Clark was sworn in as Canada's youngest prime minister, steering the first Tory government since the defeat of John Diefenbaker in the 1963 election. Several candidates agreed to an "ABC" (Anybody But Clark) strategy for the convention and when news of that back-room deal broke out, support was expected to rally around the party's embattled leader.  Compared to his predecessor as Prime Minister, Clark reportedly had a better relationship with US President Jimmy Carter, who phoned Clark to wish him luck in the upcoming 1980 election. The no-confidence vote loss was partially welcomed by Clark and the Tories. It took two years for Clark to return to Parliament. "[nb 1], Large budget deficits, high inflation, and high unemployment made the Liberal government unpopular. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Initially, the favourite among Red Tories was Flora MacDonald; however she did worse than expected while Clark placed a surprising third in a field of eleven on the first ballot of convention delegates, behind only Claude Wagner and Brian Mulroney. Trudeau also enlisted the services of former Prime Minister Joe Clark, who served as foreign minister in Brian Mulroney’s government, as Canada struggled to win a non-permanent seat on the Security Council of the United States. Joe Clark left politics in 1993 to work as an international business consultant, but returned as Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party from 1998 to 2003. As other Red Tory candidates were eliminated during the first four ballots, Clark gradually overtook Mulroney and then Wagner to emerge as the victor on the fourth ballot, by 1,187 votes to 1,122. In 2004, Clark's lifetime achievements were recognized with the Award for Excellence in the Cause of Parliamentary Democracy by Canada's Churchill Society for the Advancement of Parliamentary Democracy. Canada's sixteenth and youngest Prime Minister, he served with distinction as Secretary of State for External Affairs, President of the Privy Council and Minister responsible for Constitutional Affairs. He later wrote How We Lead: Canada in a Century of Change (2013). Charles Joseph Clark was born in High River, Alberta, the son of Grace Roselyn (née Welch) and local newspaper publisher Charles A. The party had no obvious candidate to fill Charest's shoes, and turned to Clark once again in 1998. Joe Clark, Canada’s 16th prime minister, is one of seven Canadian PMs who have planted ceremonial trees over the years at the Kingston home of Arthur Milnes and Alison Bogle. Clark was unable to accomplish much in office because of the tenuous situation of his minority government. He was 82.  This book was also published in a French translation. Clark obtained a B.A. . , Clark attended local schools and the University of Alberta, where he earned a bachelor's degree in history (1960) and a master's degree in political science (1973). He was elected for Kings—Hants, Nova Scotia, in a by-election on September 11, 2000, after the incumbent MP, Scott Brison, stood down in his favour. He also holds the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal (1977), 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal (1992), Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal (2002), Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal (2012) and the Alberta Centennial Medal (2005). Former PM Joe Clark has been appointed as the Prime Minister’s Special Envoy for Canada’s bid for a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council. Elections and Prime Ministers . As a result, the subamendment passed on a 139–133 margin. Prime Minister of Canada: 1979-80 Birth: June 5, 1939, in High River, Alberta  Their daughter, Catherine has pursued a career in public relations and broadcasting. ", taking aim at how the Tories had replaced their proven leader with an unknown. At the time, Opposition leader Trudeau said that he would allow the Progressive Conservatives a chance to govern, though he warned the Prime Minister against dismantling Petro-Canada, which was unpopular in Clark's home province of Alberta.. Some critics accused Clark of being more interested in helping the interests of his own party and own career than the Canadian conservative movement in general. Liberals Return to Power . Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). École Joe Clark School in High River, Alberta, is named in honour of Clark. With a minority government in the House of Commons, Clark had to rely on the support of the Social Credit Party, with its six seats, or the New Democratic Party (NDP), with its 26 seats. , On Tuesday, May 27, 2008, Clark's official parliamentary portrait was unveiled during a reception ceremony to be hung in Centre Block alongside Canada's past prime ministers. In 1973, Clark married law student Maureen McTeer. In contrast to Clark, Trudeau and Mulroney had become bitter enemies over the Meech Lake Accord, despite never having fought an election. About us While Clark's 1976 leadership rivals were prominent in that province, Claude Wagner had left politics (he died shortly after the election), while Brian Mulroney was still bitter about his loss and turned down an offer to serve under Clark. Much joking was made of Clark's clumsiness and awkward mannerisms. Clark began a one-week trip Monday as "special envoy" to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt to campaign for Canada's bid for a temporary two … Serving the shortest term of any elected prime minister, Clark barely accomplished anything in office before he was promptly thrown back out. The Liberals by contrast had assembled their entire caucus, save one, for the occasion.. With many veteran Tories having been defeated in the 1968 election, the party effectively skipped a generation by selecting Clark as its new leader.. Social Credit was below the 12 seats needed for official party status in the House of Commons. On June 4, 1979, the day before his 40th birthday, Clark was sworn in as Canada's youngest prime minister, steering the first Tory government since the defeat of John Diefenbaker in the 1963 election. Joe Clark, 80, served as the 16th prime minister of Canada between 1979 and 1980. One of the two PC candidates to survive the 1993 wipe-out, Jean Charest, became leader of the PC party following Campbell's resignation. That year he held a formal leadership-selection meeting and was defeated by Brian Mulroney. The only person to become prime minister younger than Justin Trudeau was Joe Clark.  Initially, it seemed unlikely that a man who was the source of so much mockery could ever hope to compete against the confident and intellectual Pierre Trudeau. The prime minister’s total compensation consists of a MP’s salary of CA$178,900,the prime minister’s salary of $178,900, and the prime minister car allowance of $2,000. In September 2019, Clark, along with former prime minister Jean Chretien, represented Canada at the United Nations General Assembly after the Trudeau government chose to pass on the event due to the October election. However, they were only able to win two seats in Quebec, leaving them six seats short of a majority. Within days the minority Conservative government was unseated; the legislation died on the order paper.  Finance Minister John Crosbie touted the budget as "short term pain for long term gain". The legislation was debated at second reading at the end of November 1979 and was referred to the Standing Committee on Justice and Legal Affairs. He made a political comeback in 1998 to lead the Progressive Conservatives in their last stand before the party's eventual dissolution, serving his final term in Parliament from 2000 to 2004. …May 1979 Progressive Conservative leader. The DRC quickly entered a coalition with the Progressive Conservatives. Joe Clark: Joe Clark was the 16th Prime Minister of Canada. The dissidents felt that Alliance leader Stockwell Day had not learned from mistakes made in the last election. Their advertisements declared "This is no time for on-the-job training", and "We need tough leadership to keep Canada growing. In a 1999 survey of Canadian historians Clark was ranked No.  In May 2003, the party finally overtook the New Democratic Party as the fourth-largest party in the House of Commons, after by-election wins in Newfoundland and Labrador and Ontario. Joe Clark, the New Jersey principal who inspired the 1989 film “Lean on Me” starring Morgan Freeman, has died. Trudeau's chief of staff Katie Telford is now scheduled to testify for two hours following the prime minister. In October 2006, Clark took a position at McGill University as a Professor of Practice for Public-Private Sector Partnerships at the McGill Institute for the Study of International Development. Humphreys. He retired from politics in 1993, side-stepping the near annihilation of the PC party in the 1993 election under the leadership of Mulroney's successor Kim Campbell. It does so by making available, discreetly and in confidence, the experience of former leaders to today's national leaders. How much does Justin Trudeau make as prime minister?  After the government fell, Clark's party was caught off guard when Pierre Trudeau quickly rescinded his resignation from the Liberal leadership to lead his party into the subsequent election.  Orchard unsuccessfully tried to block the merger and later joined the Liberal Party. For the general election held two months later, Clark yielded Kings-Hants back to Brison and was elected as the MP for Calgary Centre, by then deep in the heart of Canadian Alliance territory. Clark served as Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Clark however decided that he would govern as if he had a majority, and refused to grant the small Socred official party status, form a coalition, or co-operate with the party in any way. He lec… Clark campaigned on the slogans, "Let's get Canada working again", and "It's time for a change—give the future a chance!". In the latter half of the campaign, the Liberals focused their attacks on Clark's perceived inexperience. He also took on the difficult Constitution ministerial portfolio after the failure of the Meech Lake Accord, and vigorously pursued his task. The PC party lost ground in Quebec (due in part to the departure of Jean Charest to provincial politics), which resulted in three members of the PC caucus defecting to join the Liberal Party prior to the election. PHOTO MARCO CAMPANOZZI, … The Progressive Conservatives won the popular vote in seven provinces. He has earned the admiration of all Canadians as one of our country's most respected statesmen. Laimdota Straujuma, Prime Minister of Latvia (2014-2016) Laura Chinchilla Miranda, President of Costa Rica (2010-2014) Mari Kiviniemi, Prime Minister of Finland (2010-2011) Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca, President of Malta (2014-2019) Mary Robinson, President of Ireland (1990-1997) Paula Cox, Premier of Bermuda (2010-2012) He is Honorary Chief Bald Eagle of the Samson Cree Nation. Clark was also a member of the University of Alberta Debate Society (UADS). He serves with the Jimmy Carter Center, routinely travelling overseas as part of the centre's international observing activities. A depression is when you lose your job. At crime- and drug-ridden Eastside High School in Paterson, New Jersey, Clark … During the Harper government reign there was a 1.1% increase in job growth, and this was during … MacDonald dropped off after the second ballot, encouraging her supporters to support Clark, who quickly became the compromise Red Tory candidate. Mulroney, who was endorsed by all but two candidates, defeated Clark on the fourth ballot. He benefited when live television came to the House of Commons in 1977, allowing viewers to see that he was evolving into a real rival for Trudeau. Joe Clark has received honorary degrees from several institutions: Bold indicates parties with members elected to the House of Commons. In 2006 Clark became a professor at the Centre for Developing-Area Studies at McGill University. Clark endorsed former NDP leader Ed Broadbent and other Liberals and Conservatives as individuals, saying that the most important thing was to have "the strongest possible House of Commons of Canada" since neither large party offered much hope. ” Trending Stories. However, he faced a difficult task, with critics and opponents attacking him and the PC Party as a "vote for the past". They met when Clark hired her to work in his parliamentary office; McTeer had been a political organizer herself since her early teens.  The Tories lost 19 seats in that province, which ultimately proved to be decisive in the campaign.  Though Clark had hoped this change in policy would work to his advantage, it actually earned him widespread animosity as a politician who could not keep his promises, even in such a short period. Clark feared that the 34% of PC members who did not support him would become his most vocal critics in the upcoming election campaign, and that his continued leadership would have led to fractures in the party. The Honourable François-Philippe Champagne, Minister of Foreign Affairs, today announced that the Prime Minister’s Special Envoy for Canada’s bid for a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council, The Right Honourable Joe Clark, P.C., C.C., will travel to Algeria, Bahrain, Qatar and Egypt from March 2–9. The prime ministership of Joe Clark is one of the great “what-ifs?” of Canadian history. They also made huge gains in Ontario, particularly in the Toronto suburbs. Joe Clark, the New Jersey principal who inspired the 1989 film “Lean on Me” starring Morgan Freeman, has died. Clark served as leader of the joint PC-DRC caucus. His appointments color his cabinet blue with a pink tinge. There were frequent rumors that several potential challengers were covertly undermining Clark's leadership; though in 1982 Brian Mulroney appeared at a press conference with Clark to say that he was not seeking the leadership of the PC party. Clark continues to apply his experience in foreign affairs. As a former prime minister, Clark is entitled to carry "The Right Honourable" designation for life. His citation reads:. He made a number of political gaffes, including calling an early … Clark's Progressive Conservative Party lost the 1980 election and Clark lost the leadership of the party in 1983. 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